If your PC is acting up and you’re concerned there may be a problem with your hard drive, using the chkdsk (check disk) command can help identify and repair some types of problems with your disk.

To run this command, type cmd into the search box on your start menu and click on the result.

search-cmd.jpg

Right-click on the result and choose Run as Administrator.

type-cmd-admin.jpg

When the command window opens, type chkdsk and press enter. Make sure you type it exactly. When using the command prompt spelling and spacing count.

type-chkdsk-admin

The process of verifying and checking your files will begin.

verifying-files-chk-dsk

If any problems are detected with the drive, it would be displayed in the results of the check. In this case, the pertinent information for me is that there are no bad sectors.

chk-dsk-results

There are a couple of variations of chkdsk that you can try to help if there is some lost or damaged data.  Typing chkdsk/f tells your PC to fix any errors it finds.

chk-dsk-f.jpg

Your PC won’t be able to fix any errors while you’re using it so you can schedule it to check the disk next time you restart.

chk-dsk-f.jpg

Typing chkdsk/r instructs your PC to attempt to recover any data stored on a damaged part of your hard drive.

chk-dsk-r.jpg

There’s no guarantee that the recovery effort will be successful, but this is a useful tool if you have an issue.